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PHYS 362: Modern Physics + Physics Nobel Winners: 1970s

A Research Guide to assist students in their Nobel Laureate Project.

1970 — Plasma Physics

Hannes Alfvén

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech given in Swedish

Books about Alfvén:

Featured: A to Z of physicists (p 3)

Book: Worlds-Antiworlds; Antimatter in Cosmology

Book: On the Origin of the Solar System

Book: The Plasma Universe

Article: On the Filamentary Structure of the Solar Corona


Louis E.F. Néel

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech given in French

About  Néel:

Book: Our Magnetic Earth - The Science of Geomagnetism

1971 — Holography

Dennis Gabor

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Gabor: 

Featured: A to Z of physicists (p 110)

Featured: "Holography" inside Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries in Gale Virtual Reference Library

 

Holograms

1972 — Superconductivity

BCS Theory

1973 — Biophysics

1974 — Radio Astronomy

Pulsar

1975 — Nuclear Physics

Aage Bohr

(first name is pronounced 'orga')

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Bohr: 

Article: Study of nuclear structure by electromagnetic excitation with accelerated ions (w/ Mottelson)

*Interesting Fact* His father, Niels Bohr also won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922


Ben R. Mottelson

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Mottelson: 

ebook: On the Fine Structure in Alpha Decay (GoogleBooks)

Article: The shape of the nuclear photo-resonance in deformed nuclei


L. James Rainwater

Nobel

Lecture / Biography

About Rainwater: 

Featured: Science: The Definitive Visual Guide (p 483)

Featured: Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of Particle Physics (p 330)

Article: Applications of probability theory to nuclear particle detection

Atomic Nucleus

1976 — Particle Physics

Burton Richter

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Richter:

Video Interview

Featured: A to Z of Physicists (p 249)

Book: Beyond Smoke and Mirrors - Climate Change and Energy in the 21st Century

Article: Discovery of a Narrow Resonance in e+ e-Annihilation


Samuel C.C. Ting

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Ting: 

Featured: A to Z of Physicists (p 300)

Article: Experimental observation of a heavy particle J

 *Interesting Fact* Ting was born in Ann Arbor, MI 

Radio Astronomy

1978 — Plasma Physics + Radio Astronomy

Pyotr L. Kapitsa

Nobel Lecture 

Biography

Banquet Speech

About Kapitsa: 

ebook: Collected Papers of PL Kapitsa


Arno A. Penzias

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Penzias: 

Video Interview

Chapter: "The Discovery of bBckground Radiation" and "An Explanation of the Penzias and Wilson Discovery" inside The Tests of Time: Readings in the Development of Physical Theory

Chapter: "What Constitutes a Good Scientific Theory?" inside Engineering Tomorrow : Today's Technology Experts Envision the Next Century 

Article: A Measurement of Excess Antenna Temperature at 4080 Mc/s (w/ Robert Wilson)


Robert W. Wilson

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Wilson: 

Video Interview

Featured: Science: The Definitive Visual Guide (p 269)

Featured: The Physics Book (p 456)

Theory of Weak Interaction

1979 — Particle Physics

Sheldon L. Glashow

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Glashow: 

Chapter: "Unification - Then and Now" inside From the PS to the LHC-- 50 years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics

Chapter: "Too Huge for the Atom, Too Tiny for the Star" inside Mind, Life, and Universe : Conversations with Great Scientists of our Time

Book: From Alchemy to Quarks 

Article: Partial-symmetries of weak interactions


Abdus Salam

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Salam: 

Chapter: "A Strong Beginning" & "1967: from Kibble to Salam and Weinberg" inside The Infinity Puzzle - Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe

 

Book: Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Book: Science in the Third World

Book: Unification of Fundamental Forces - The First of the 1988 Dirac Memorial Lectures

Article: On Kaluza-Klein Theory


Steven Weinberg

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Weinberg: 

Video Interview / Text Interview

Video Series: Question to Weinberg: What is the Point of Living in a Universe with no Purpose?

Chapter:  "1967: from Kibble to Salam and Weinberg" inside The Infinity Puzzle - quantum field theory and the hunt for an orderly universe

Chapter: "The Cosmic Microwave Radiation Background" inside The Tests of Time - Readings in the Development of Physical Theory

Chapter: "Changing Views of Symmetry" inside From the PS to the LHC-- 50 Years of Nobel Memories in High-Energy Physics

Book: The First Three Minutes - A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe

Book: The Discovery of Subatomic Particles

Book: Lectures on Quantum Mechanics

Book: Cosmology

Article: A new light boson?

 

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