The in-text reference that gives brief details (author, date, page) of the source you are quoting or referring to. This citation corresponds with the full details of the work (title, publisher, etc) given in your reference list or bibliography, so that the reader can identify and/or find the source.
The Medical Physics style uses a numerical superscript in-text that corresponds to the Reference List.
A list of references at the end of your paper that includes the full information for your citations so that the reader can easily identify and retrieve each work (journal articles, books, webpages, etc). Your reference list contains all the items you have cited or directly quoted from.
The Medical Physics style lists publications in the order they appeared in the text.
A list of works you have consulted for your paper, but not cited in the Reference List. Works should be listed in alphabetical order by author and laid out in the same way as items in your reference list. If you can cite from every work you consulted, you will only need a reference list.
Always check the guidance you are given for your research paper to find out if you are expected to submit work with a reference list and a bibliography.
Quoted from Author Guidelines - Last Updated 8/15/2018
References should follow standard American Medical Association (AMA) Style. Do not alphabetize references; assign consecutive numbers as references are cited in the body of the text. Use superscript numbers for in-text citations. Provide the full reference list at the end of the text, using base-aligned numbers followed by a period. Full titles of articles, complete lists of authors, and inclusive pagination must be included. Do not use reference citation superscripts as parts of speech when discussing referenced material; this includes constructions such as " . . . in  . . . " or "Reference  states . . . ." References must be in the accessible, archival literature. “Private Communications” and commercial identifications and manuals are not appropriate for the reference list but can be identified as footnotes to the text. References should appear in the following formats from the AMA Manual of Style:
Journal article (1-6 authors):
1. Hu P, Reuben DB. Effects of managed care on the length of time that elderly patients spend with physicians during ambulatory visits. Med Care.2002;40(7):606-613.
Journal article with more than six authors:
1. Geller AC, Venna S, Prout M, et al. Should the skin cancer examination be taught in medical school?Arch Dermatol. 2002;138(9):1201-1203.
Journal article with no named author or group name:
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Licensure of a meningococcal conjugate vaccine (Menveo) and guidance for use--Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59(9):273.
Electronic Journal article:
If you have a doi (preferred):
1. Gage BF, Fihn SD, White RH. Management and dosing of warfarin therapy. The American Journal of Medicine. 2000;109(6):481-488. doi:10.1016/S0002-9343(00)00545-3.
If you do not have a doi:
1. Aggleton JP. Understanding anterograde amnesia: disconnections and hidden lesions. Q J Exp Psychol. 2008;61(10):1441-1471. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pbh&AN=34168185&site=ehost-live Accessed March 18, 2010.
Journal article published online ahead of print:
1. Chau NG, Haddad RI. Antiangiogenic agents in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: tired of going solo [published online ahead of print September 20, 2016]. Cancer. doi: 10.1002/cncr.30352.
1. McKenzie BC. Medicine and the Internet: Introducing Online Resources and Terminology. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1997.
1. Guyton JL, Crockarell JR. Fractures of acetabulum and pelvis. In: Canale ST, ed. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, Inc; 2003:2939-2984.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2003. http://www.cancer.org/downloads/STT/CAFF2003PWSecured.pdf. Accessed March 3, 2003.
A list of standard abbreviations for journal names appears in the AIP Style Manual. Additionally, potential authors can use software tools to format references correctly and abide by the Journal’s guidelines. Such a tool is Endnote, developed by Thomson Scientific, which can be accessed here. Authors are urged to exclude unnecessary and/or incomplete references.
In-text citations are numerical references, in superscript1, numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text. The REFERENCES section orders publications in the order they appeared in the text. Titles of articles, complete lists of authors, and inclusive pagination must be included. References must be in the accessible, archival literature. Author first names are abbreviated, journal names are abbreviated,the journal title is italicized, and followed by year;volume:page-range. You can also find more American Institute of Physics (AIP) style examples from Monash University Library online.
Citation examples listed are from Dynamic collimator trajectory algorithm for multiple metastases dynamicconformal arc treatment planning by R. Lee MacDonald, Christopher G. Thomas, and Alasdair Syme. Demonstrated here for educational purposes only.
In previous research, the inclusion of couch rotational motion has been explored.1,2
Dynamic collimator motions in the age of modulated treatment deliveries were first introduced in the context of collimator rotation intensity-modulated radiotherapy (CR-IMRT), sometimes referred to as rotating aperture optimization (RAO).3–6
Webb7 first studied the potential benefits of dynamic collimator rotations from the point of view of minimizing patient dose that results from "parked" MLC leaves in the Elekta Beam Modulator system.
1. MacDonald RL, Christopher GT. Dynamic trajectory-based couch motion for improvement of radiation therapy trajectories in cranial SRT. Med Phys. 2015;42:2317–2325.
2. Yang Y, Zhang P, Happersett L, et al. Choreographing couch and colli- mator in volumetric modulated arc therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011;80:1238–1247 .
3. Milette MP, Otto K. Maximizing the potential of direct aperture opti- mization through collimator rotation. Med Phys. 2007;34:1431–1438.
4. Otto K, inventor; BC Cancer Agency, assignee. Methods and apparatus for planning and delivering intensity modulated radiation fields with a rotating multileaf collimator. United States patent US 6,907,105; 2005.
5. Otto K, Milette MP, inventors; BC Cancer Agency, assignee. Method and apparatus for planning and delivering radiation treatment. United States patent US 7,734,010; 2010.
6. Siochi RA, inventor; Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., assignee. High definition radiation treatment with an intensity modulating multi- leaf collimator. United States patent US 6,757,355;2004.
7. Webb S. Does the option to rotate the Elekta beam modulator MLC during VMAT IMRT delivery confer advantage? a study of ‘parked gaps’. Phys Med Biol. 2010;55:N303–N319.