US copyright law allows instructors and students to make certain uses of copyrighted works in face-to-face teaching.
As an instructor or student, you are allowed to perform or display a copyrighted work without permission in “a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction” during face-to-face teaching at a nonprofit educational institution, so long as it follows the rules set forth by the TEACH Act.
If the copyrighted material does NOT fulfill the requirements of the TEACH Act, an instructor must gain permission from the copyright owner before sharing the material, or the material must constitute "Fair Use".
If the work is a motion picture or other audiovisual work, you must use a copy of the work that was lawfully made.
This is codified at 17 U.S.C. § 110(1), (Copyright Basics, 2018).
Under the TEACH Act, the following are examples of materials permitted to be used in the classroom at Kettering University without obtaining copyright permission:
(What Faculty Need to Know, 2010)
One should seek permission from the copyright holder prior to the use of a copyrighted work.
However, the law allows the qualified use of copyrighted works in face-to-face instruction,
scholarship, or research under the doctrine of ―fair use.‖ The statutory basis for fair use is found in
17 U.S.C. 107. The following quotation from the statute must be kept in mind:
In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors
to be considered shall include:
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is
made upon consideration of all the above factors.‖
The first factor favors fair use of another's work at Kettering University as a necessary part of face-
to-face instruction. However, a use that impacts the other three factors could negate fair use. Faculty have a specific duty to avoid the use of considerable portions of the work of another. Faculty must
not make such extensive use of such a work that it diminishes the work's market value.
When a contemplated use of another's work appears adverse to the last three factors, faculty members must
seek permission from the copyright holder for that use. All uses of the works of others must be cited (Final Text-Copyright Policy, 2011).
Final Text: Copyright Policy of Kettering University. (Rep.). (2011). Approved by the Executive Committee of the Kettering University Board of Trustees.