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Copyright at Kettering University

Guide to copyright and what is means for Kettering University students, faculty and staff.

Why is Citation Important

Citing resources is an important responsibility for students, professors, researchers, authors, and anyone who uses a work that is not their own. 

Any creation of the mind, such as literary and artistic works, inventions, symbols, names, and images  are considered intellectual property, and are protected by copyright. Any type of intellectual property used in your work must be properly cited (Types of Intellectual Property). 

However, citations are not simply a way to avoid copyright infringement and plagiarism. Citations are important because they:

  • Give credit to researchers and authors for countless hours of work
  • Show that work being cited has been carefully researched and reviewed
  • Show respect and integrity for fellow members of the academic and research community
  • Represent Kettering University as an ethical institution

 ©2019, WIPO Types of Intellectual Property. (n.d.).  Retrieved July 25, 2019, from

Avoiding Copyright Violations

From the Academic Integrity Section of the Undergraduate Catalog: 

At Kettering University, we believe fairness, openness, and intellectual honesty to be the keystones of our educational mission. We foster these qualities in all our endeavors and use all possible means to discourage dishonesty, in any form. All members of the Kettering community should report academic dishonesty to the appropriate faculty person, as well as to the Vice President of Student Life and Dean Students. Academic dishonesty prohibited at Kettering University includes, but is not limited to, the following forms:

Cheating: Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise.

Fabrication: Intentional and/or unauthorized falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise.

Facilitating Academic Dishonesty: Intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another engage in academic dishonesty in any form.

Plagiarism: Intentionally or knowingly representing the words, ideas, or images of another as one’s own in any academic exercise.

Students may avoid any perception of academic dishonesty by following these principles:

  • properly acknowledging and citing all use of the ideas, results, or words of others
  • properly acknowledging all contributors to a given piece of work, including that of peers
  • making sure that all work submitted as his or her own in a course or other academic activity is produced without the aid of unsanctioned materials or unsanctioned collaboration
  • obtaining all data or results by ethical means and reporting them accurately without suppressing any results inconsistent with his or her interpretation or conclusions
  • treating all other students in an ethical manner, respecting their integrity and right to pursue their educational goals without interference. This requires that a student neither facilitate academic dishonesty by others nor obstruct their academic progress
  • upholding the canons of the ethical or professional code of the profession for which he or she is preparing.

Adherence to these principles is necessary in order to insure that:

  • everyone is given proper credit for his or her ideas, words, results, and other scholarly accomplishments
  • all student work is fairly evaluated and no student has an inappropriate advantage over others
  • the academic and ethical development of all students is fostered
  • the reputation of the University for integrity in its teaching, research, and scholarship is maintained and enhanced.

Students found to have carried out any form of academic dishonesty are subject to the faculty member’s scrutiny and sanctions, as well as Judicial Affairs’ policies and procedures.

Please see the resources below for help citing your sources. 

Citing Your Sources

Citation Managers

What is a Citation Manager? 
A Citation Manager is simply a piece of software, website, or browser extension that can help you organize the papers you have used for research. It keeps track of the citations (so the author, title, date, etc) of each paper, and allows you to then plug each citation into your Reference List. Some of them even allow very specific citations styles for different disciplines (like AIP for physics) instead of the more common APA and MLA styles.


Citationsy is a no-nonsense reference collection and bibliography creation tool for people who value simplicity, privacy, and speed.

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research in your field

ReadCube is a low-cost desktop and browser-based program for managing, annotating, and accessing academic research articles

RefWorks is web-based bibliographic software that enables you to organize your research, include citations while you write your paper, build a bibliography in a variety of formats, import references from many data sources, and create bibliographies in different document formats (Word, RTF, HTML, etc.).

Zotero collects all your research in a single, searchable interface. You can add PDFs, images, audio and video files, snapshots of web pages. Zotero automatically indexes the full-text content of your library, enabling you to find exactly what you're looking for.

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