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PHYS 362: Modern Physics + Physics Nobel Winners: 1950s

A Research Guide to assist students in their Nobel Laureate Project.

1950 — Nuclear Physics

Cecil F. Powell

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech 

About Powell:

Article: Processes involving charged mesons

Nuclear Transmutation

1951 — Nuclear Physics

Sir John D. Cockcroft

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Cockcroft:

Featured: "Letter from Ernest Lawrence" inside Science in America (p 404)

Article: Experiments with high velocity positive ions (w/ Walton)


Ernest T.S. Walton

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Walton:

Featured: Ingenious Ireland (p 437, GoogleBooks)

Featured: Physicists of Ireland (p 228, GoogleBooks)

Article: Experiments with high velocity positive ions (w/ Cockcroft)

1952 — Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Felix Bloch

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Bloch:

Chapter: "Discoverer of NMR Signal in Condensed Matter" inside The pioneers of NMR and magnetic resonance in medicine - the story of MRI 

Article: Nuclear induction


Edward M. Purcell

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Purcell:

Chapter: "Discoverer of NMR Signal in Condensed Matter" inside The pioneers of NMR and magnetic resonance in medicine - the story of MRI 

Article: Relaxation effects in nuclear magnetic resonance absorption

Phase Contrast Microscopy

1953 — Optics

Frits Zernike

Nobel Lecture / Biography

No Banquet Speech given

About Zernike:

Featured: Nobel Prize Winners in Physics (p 146) 

Chapter: "Frits Zernike" inside The History of Science in the Netherlands (p 609, GoogleBooks)

Book: Applied Nonlinear Optics

Article: Generation of far infrared as a difference frequency

1955 — Quantum Electrodynamics

Willis E. Lamb Jr.

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Lamb:

Article: Theory of an optical maser

 


Polykarp Kusch

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Kusch: 

Featured: A to Z of Physicists (p 167)

Hydrogen Atom

1956 — Solid-State Physics

William Shockley

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Shockley: 

Article: Currents to conductors induced by a moving point charge


John Bardeen

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Bardeen:

Featured: Scientists, Mathematicians + Inventors  (p 13)

ArticleTheory of superconductivity

*Interesting Fact*  
Bardeen also won the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics


Walter H. Brattain

Nobel Lecture / Biography

About Brattain:

Featured: The 100 Most Influential Inventors of All Time (at Baker College)

Article: Surface properties of germanium (w/ Bardeen)

1958 — Particle Physics

Pavel A. Cherenkov

Nobel Lecture / Biography

 About Cherenkov:

Featured: Science in the Early Twentieth Century

Featured: The Physics Book

Featured: Nobel Laureates and Twentieth-Century Physics (p 267)

Featured: Encyclopedia of World Scientists (p 136, GoogleBooks)

Featured: "Cherenkov Radiation" inside The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics (p 55, coming soon)

Chapter inside of: Radioactivity Hall of Fame (p 437)

eBook: Vavilov-Cherenkov and Synchrotron Radiation

Article: The ondulator as a source of electromagnetic radiation

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Il'ja Mikhailovich Frank

Nobel Lecture / Biography

 About Mikhailovich:

Patent: Microphotocomposing apparatus for making artworks

Chapter: "To the Memory of Ilya Mikhailovich Frank" inside The Physics of a Lifetime


Igor Y. Tamm

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech

About Tamm:

Featured: Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures of Soviet Physicists (p 64, GoogleBooks)

Featured: Buried glory: Portraits of Soviet scientists

Chapter: "Igor Tamm's Path to Science" inside The World of Andrei Sakharov (GoogleBooks) 

Chapter: "About Igor Evgenevich Tamm" inside The Physics of a Lifetime

Chapter: "Mathematical Peril" inside Eurekas and Euphorias: The Oxford Book of Scientific Anecdotes (p 43, GoogleBooks)

Article: The secondary structure of reovirus RNA

1959 — Nuclear Physics

Emilio G. Segrè

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech 

Books about Segrè: 

Book: From X-rays to Quarks: Modern Physicists and their Discoveries 

Article: Antiproton-nucleon annihilation process


Owen Chamberlain

Nobel Lecture / Biography

Banquet Speech 

About Chamberlain:

Featured: Nobel Prize Winners in Physics (p 162) 

Featured: A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients (p 167, GoogleBooks)

Article: Observation of Antiprotons

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